What are the risks of microbiological infections for bark?
Microbiological diseases that can affect barks include:
- White rot caused by fungi like Botrytis cinerea.
- Black rot caused by fungi like Diplodia spp .
- Gray mold caused by fungi like Botryosphaeria spp .
- Fusarium wilt caused by fungi such as Fusarium spp .
- Verticillium wilt caused by fungi like Verticillium spp .
Microbiological bark diseases can pose a health risk if they are inherited in consumed plant products, such as fruits and vegetables, and if contaminated products are not properly processed or cooked before consumption. Additionally, some fungi that cause bark diseases can produce toxins that are dangerous to human and animal health.
Which industrial pasteurization treatment to treat contaminated bark while preserving its intrinsic qualities?
There are several approaches to treat microbiological bark diseases in industry:
- Phytosanitary control : This consists of eliminating the contaminated parts of the tree, disinfecting the cutting tools and using fungicide products to control the growth of fungi.
- Heat treatment : Contaminated plant products may be subjected to heat treatment, such as pasteurization or sterilization, to kill unwanted microorganisms and toxins.
- Irradiation: This technique involves using gamma rays or X-rays to kill microorganisms on plant products.
- Use of biological products: Products such as beneficial bacteria or herbal preparations can be used to control bark diseases by regulating the growth of unwanted fungi.
It is important to note that these treatments must be carried out in accordance with local and international health and food safety regulations, as well as environmental standards to ensure that the products are safe for human and animal consumption.